Eastern State Penitentary
The Eastern State Penitentiaryis a former American prison in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It was operational from 1829 until 1971. The penitentiary refined the revolutionary system of separate incarceration first pioneered at the Walnut Street Jail which emphasised principles of reform rather than punishment.Notorious criminals such as Al Capone and bank robber Willie Sutton were held inside its innovative wagon wheel design. James Bruno (Big Joe) and several male relatives were incarcerated here between 1936-1948 for the alleged murders in the Kelayres Massacre of 1934, before they were pardoned.At its completion, the building was the largest and most expensive public structure ever erected, and quickly became a model for more than 300 prisons worldwide.
The cell doors you see are a later addition, Originally there was simply a small food slot. The prisoners entered, hooded via a small door that opened onto the courtyard. Once in, you were in. Silence was the order of the day. The guards wore socks to avoid footsteps